|Fort Frederica on St. Simons Island|
The first tells the story of the British Raid on St. Simons Island and the other the virtually unknown story of the Battle of the St. Mary's, the last land battle of the War of 1812.
Georgia was the focus of the last campaign of the War of 1812. As a major British army moved against New Orleans in December 1814, a second amphibious force struck Cumberland Island on the Georgia Coast. Commanded by Rear Admiral George Cockburn, the same officer who had burned Washington, D.C., British forces landed on Cumberland on January 11, 1815. Two days later they took the U.S. Army battery and fort at Point Petre (Point Peter) near St. Mary's in a small but sharp battle.
|Slave cabin on a plantation raided by the British in 1815.|
Old Fort Frederica, on the west side of the island, became the command post for the operation and was the scene of one of the largest military emancipations of slaves in Georgia history.
To learn more about the raid on St. Simons Island, please visit www.exploresouthernhistory.com/stsimons1812.
|Sailing vessel on the St. Mary's River|
On February 24, 1815, the British Royal Marines and sailors were attacked by U.S. Army troops and "Patriot" revolutionaries from Spanish Florida in what is known as the Battle of the St. Mary's. The action took place after the Battle of New Orleans, the Battle of Point Petre (Point Peter) and the Second Battle of Fort Bowyer, all of which have been labeled by various historians as the last battle of the War of 1812. So far as is known, however, British and American land forces never fought against each other again after the Battle of the St. Mary's.
To learn more about the Battle of the St. Mary's, please visit www.exploresouthernhistory.com/stmarysbattle.
Don't forget, you can read about dozens of other Georgia historic sites anytime at www.exploresouthernhistory.com. Just scroll down the page to the index and look for the Georgia section.